Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral tradition and first committed to writing about 400 years later.
Scholars are hesitant to make unqualified claims about the historical facts of the Buddha's life.
source: UNESCO/ERI Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 Sidharta Gautama, Buda, nació el año 623 a. en los famosos jardines de Lumbini, que pronto se convertirían en un lugar de peregrinación.
Un ilustre peregrino, el emperador indio Asoka, ordenó erigir en ellos uno de sus pilares conmemorativos.
The Buddha’s teaching formed the foundation for Buddhist philosophy, initially developed in South Asia, then later in the rest of Asia. The first complete biography of the Buddha in Pāli is the Nidānakathā, which serves as an introduction to the Jātaka verses found in the fifth Pāli Nikāya.
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 Siddharta Gautama, le Bouddha, est né en 623 av. dans les célèbres jardins de Lumbini et son lieu de naissance est devenu un lieu de pèlerinage.
In metaphysics, the Buddha argues that there are no self-caused entities, and that everything dependently arises from or upon something else. According to the Mahāpadāna-suttanta, the lives of all Buddhas or perfectly enlightened beings follow a similar pattern.
This allows the Buddha to provide a criticism of souls and personal identity; that criticism forms the foundation for his views about the reality of rebirth and an ultimate liberated state called “Nirvana.” Nirvana is not primarily an absolute reality beyond or behind the universe but rather a special state of mind in which all the causes and conditions responsible for rebirth and suffering have been eliminated. Like all Buddhas of the past, the Buddha of this cosmic era, also known as Gautama (Gotama in Pāli), was born into a noble family.
In epistemology, the Buddha seeks a middle way between the extremes of dogmatism and skepticism, emphasizing personal experience, a pragmatic attitude, and the use of critical thinking toward all types of knowledge. E), the Mahāvastu, and the Lalitavistara, both composed in the first century C. The first four Pāli Nikāyas contain only fragmented information about the Buddha’s life.
In ethics, the Buddha proposes a threefold understanding of action: mental, verbal, and bodily. Especially important are the Mahāpadāna-suttanta, the Ariyapariyesanā-suttanta, the Mahāsaccaka-suttanta, and the Mahāparinibbāna-suttanta.